In your class you will make a monograph, which is a written about a unique topic with organized information obtained from various sources. It is a description, narration or explanation on a particular topic.
Making a monograph will allow you to learn to define a problem, investigate and organize information, and above all you can learn to communicate what you have learned and researched in writing.
How to make a monograph
Before going on to the steps to make a monograph, you should know that there are three types:
Research monograph: it deals with a new or little explored topic and it is necessary to know all the written bibliography on the subject to be investigated in order to provide a unique point of view.
Experience analysis monograph: as its name indicates in this monograph, experiences are analyzed as when experimental practices are carried out and written about.
Compilation monograph: this is the one that best suits the secondary level because an analysis and reflection on a topic is done giving a personal opinion about it.
How to make a monograph: practical steps
Choose the theme: preferably a topic that you like because you will have to research about it, read, make summaries. It is important that your topic is specific and that there is a bibliography about it.
Limit the topic: in the video below I give you an example of how to delimit themes and here is another: suppose you chose the theme of Latin American stories, that would be the general theme, a sub-theme may be: Latin American stories by Mexican authors and The specific theme of your monograph could be: Latin American stories by Mexican authors during the 1960s
Once the subject is outlined, sketch what your monograph will take, for example, in the case of the stories, you can investigate: the historical context of Mexico during the 1960s, general characteristics of the literature of the time, main authors, representative works , analysis of three stories of the main authors.
Now it’s time to investigate: you can turn to libraries, magazines, internet, interviews and everything you can think of. Make worksheets to have all the information organized and at hand.
Organize your notes and do the writing with your words. Do not forget to include the bibliography consulted.
Your monograph should have a cover, an index, an introduction, the development of the topic, conclusions, notes and the bibliography consulted.
The writing in the monograph
The biggest problem in making a monograph is not the research itself, but to write, organize, write in your own words. Making a monograph is not copying and pasting, it is organizing research, structuring your ideas about what you have learned and writing something new.
To write a monograph in the best possible way take these recommendations into account:
Before writing, think about which message you want to convey
Follow your outline so that your writing has order and does not jump from one point to another
Choose simple words, you do not need to use words you never use or words that you doubt its meaning
Do not write very long paragraphs
Use sentences with subject and predicate
Use punctuation correctly
Make a draft, read aloud, correct mistakes and write again.
When writing, use the third person, for example instead of writing “I conclude that” you should use “the author concludes that”.
In the monograph, or any informative text, the pronoun “se” is used, for example: it is believed, it is considered, it is said …
It uses nexuses to unite the ideas, some nexuses are: provided that, provided, therefore, in this way, such as, before, when, after, so that, in order that.
How to make a monograph: structure
To make it easier to write the monograph see filling the following scheme:
2.- Table of contents
(this you write until the end when you have the monograph done)
Paragraph 1: explain the reasons why you chose the topic
Paragraph 2: define your topic and explain the approach you gave to your research. For example, if you chose the theme of Latin American stories by Mexican authors during the 1960s, you can explain that you chose only those written by women.
Paragraph 3: explain the problems you had when doing the research or what you liked about writing it.
Each topic will have its special development, but you can follow a general outline of presentation of background, more important investigations in the subject, your point of view to the problem and the novel contribution that you make to the subject. You can integrate images, graphics and all the visual resources that are useful for your work.
In this part write your final contribution to the subject.
* Download a template to create a monograph on the Resources page